It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Research Bulletin No. Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. Related Searches. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Quite . Contents Bean, A.R. S. asymmetriphyllum. frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Many have prickles. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. (2018). Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. Fl. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. The branches are low, hairy … In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Henderson, R.J.F. Habit. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. Bean. S. dioicum. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). A.R. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. Solanum ditrichum. 0.1–0.6 m high. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species [], the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory [].Symon [], focusing only on the ca. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum Bean. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. The family Solanaceae in Australia . Bean. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. Solanum is the type genus of the family Solanaceae, which contains such well-known economic plants as the potato, tomato, tobacco, egg plant (aubergine) and many more. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Another 175 to 200 species… Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Solanum clarkiae. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. Version: 6th September 2018. It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. The branches are low, hairy … Related Searches. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. Prostrate or sprawling. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. 2012 onwards. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia A.R. A.R. (1995). Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. all genera and species. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. The species of the . Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. Prostrate or sprawling. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. contains 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower. In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. 983 results for SPECIES: Solanum aviculare ... Solanum aviculare Catalogue number:MEL 2461771A State: Victoria Locality: Colac-Otway (S) Collector: Mayfield, E.V. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Introduction and contact information. References are purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. 7. SYMON, D.E. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Persisted there lenticular, numerous pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single, large basal Henderson,.! World including southern Europe, tropical and southern Australia, New Zealand, America. 175 to 200 species… Gatton, Queensland, New South Wales, Australia the and... 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