In some stories, fig trees also protect people from malevolent creatures. Figs were also sacred to Dionysus, the … Serial murders were often explained as being equally important. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Figs contain a high amount of serotonin which the human body changes into melatonin. A tree in El Matareya near Cairo called the Virgin Mary Tree is said to be a resting spot of Mary, Jesus and Joseph and is a pilgrimage spot for Christians. Mythology. In Christian mythology, why did Jesus kill a fig tree? Fig trees feature in origin stories from across the world. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK27940/ (Accessed: 21 September 2016). Your Privacy, Mike Shanahan is a freelance writer and former rainforest biologist. In the war of the Titans, Sykeus was one of the giants who waged war on the gods and when he was pursued by Zeus, he hid with his mother, the Earth, and was transformed into the first fig tree. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kikuyu_people (Accessed: 21 September 2016). In Greek mythology, the branches of one fig tree saved Odysseus from being sucked into the deadly whirlpool created by the maw of a hungry sea monster Charybdis. In Greek mythology, the branches of one fig tree saved Odysseus from being sucked into the deadly whirlpool created by the maw of a hungry sea monster Charybdis. ( Log Out /  The sycamore fig was cultivated in early Egyptian civilisation for its fruit and used to symbolise the Tree of Life. Yet in the world of biology, there exists a variety of veritable “trees of death” poised to cause great harm to any human that comes into contact with them. That tree was a banyan (. It is because of this life-giving property of the tree that it has been revered and symbolised in multiple human cultures throughout the world. This flexibility allows the tree to grow into, around and on top of other trees and boulders. No plants feature so often in folklore, in so many places, as fig trees. fig tree mythology Figs: An Ancient Fruit That Is Truly Sustainable. These are inedible to humans and less favoured by other creatures than the edible fig types. This same sycamore fig is represented in early Egyptian myth and symbology as ‘The Tree of Life’. The leaves of one fig tree clothed Adam and Eve. Security Check Required. Zeus pursued him to Kilikia (Cilicia) where his mother Gaia (the Earth) hid him in her bossom and transformed him into the first fig-tree. The fig tree is revered as the Tree of Life in some cultures. Photo by Siripwatwongpin – Wikimedia Commons. This article discusses the ecological effect, spiritual impact and life of the Ficus genus. Long ago, and across much of the world, any group of people who protected wild fig trees would have benefitted as a result. Demeter and the fig tree . The roots of one Indian species, Ficus religiosa, represent Brahma the Creator, the leaves Shiva the Destroyer, and the trunk Vishnu the Preserver. © #FolkloreThursday 2018 It is debated that some ficus species are, however, pollinated by multiple fig wasp species. Here are some of my favourites. The tree of life may be a popular concept in folklore, mythology, and religious stories around the world. According to Greek mythology, the first apple trees were created by Gaia (also Ge), the Earth, as a wedding present for Hera. (2007) The secret teachings of all ages: An encyclopedic outline of Masonic, hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian symbolic philosophy. Some fig trees simply grow from the ground while others germinate high in the branches of other trees after being deposited in bird droppings or mammal faeces. 24:3); Jesus did not come visibly in power and glory (Mk. No content from this site may be used elsewhere without the permission of either #FolkloreThursday or the article author. It has been used in Ayurveda, to treat various diseases/disorders like diabetes, liver disorders, diarrhea, inflammatory conditions, hemorrhoids, respiratory, mosquito bites, and urinary … The roots of one Indian species. A tiny opening (ostiole) at the apex of the flower provides an entrance for the fig wasps. (1999) Serotonin involvement in physiological function and behavior. In India similar beliefs were held regarding Vishnu, while in Greece the fig … They travel to other appropriate fig tree species and pollinate it accordingly, as to ensure the continuation of their life cycle. In Asia, the sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) represents the Bodhi tree under which Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and became known as Gautama Buddha. Fruit bats and monkeys revere the fruits produced by fig trees and like the birds, aid in distributing the seeds of the tree far and wide. There are beliefs that say it is possible to make guesses with fig leaves. They believe there are dead wasps inside the fruit. Fig trees are also associated with many Hindu deities. Diverse cultures around the world say these trees shelter angels and fairies, gods and ancestral spirits, ghosts, and other malevolent creatures. The Egyptian goddess Hathor was known as the Lady of the Sycamore. hungry, it will leap out of its fig tree onto an unsuspecting traveller. There’s a biological basis to many of these stories. Another fig tree’s roots saved the twin babies Romulus and Remus from drowning in the River Tiber. According to Greek mythology, the fig tree got its name from Sykeus (Syko [σύκο] in Greek means fig), the son of Gaia (Earth). Link Here. That tree was a banyan (Ficus benghalensis), and you can visit it today. The female fig wasps escape the fruit and collect pollen while doing so. Ngai is their creator that cannot be seen but is manifested within all of the celestial bodies of the heavens, all life and events on earth. The largest ethnic group in Kenya known as the Kikuyu derive their name from the word Gĩkũyũ, meaning ‘massive fig’. Having served their purpose, the males are fated to die. There are myths about wasps inside figs, that’s why vegan people don’t eat them. Such as Yggdrasil in Norse mythology, the Bodhi tree in Buddhism and even the Tree of Life in Kabbalah. See more ideas about Trees to plant, Mythology, Tree. Each tree is in a mutualistic relationship with a particular species of wasp that acts as its pollinator. The fig tree's trunk is on the top of a cliff on the opposite side of the straight looking outwards to the Scylla. The Fig Tree and its fruit, the fig, are mentioned several times in the New Testament as well as the Old Testament. represent Brahma the Creator, the leaves Shiva the Destroyer, and the trunk Vishnu the Preserver. This manlike creature has bulging eyes and a gaping, toothless maw. In the traditional religion of Kenya’s Kikuyu people, making offerings at sacred fig trees is the way to communicate with God. Fig trees prefer to grow in areas that are exposed to plenty of sun, either in the ground or in a pot. This same sycamore fig … Another story from India tells how a sage called Kabir was brushing his teeth with a twig. Here are some of my favourites. The procession then went into Athens to the city Eleusinion, the temple of Demeter in Athens, near the Acropolis. An even bigger banyan, large enough to shelter 20,000 people, is said to have grown from the spot where a woman threw herself onto her husband’s funeral pyre more than 500 years ago. The wood is relatively soft in order to be more flexible. The fruits themselves provide life for many creatures, but also knowledge and spiritual experience for human beings. More recently, when people began farming for the first time, fig trees were among the first plants to be cultivated. Apsaras (a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu and Buddhist mythology) are said to inhabit the sacred Fig trees in which their symbols and lutes resound. Much of the rich mix of folklore associated with fig trees has a basis in biology. Its crown provided shelter as a she-wolf suckled the boys, who would go on to found Rome. Their creator Ngai or Mwene-Ngai is said to have a direct relationship with the sycamore fig and it was from it that the Kikuyu people were created. Parable of the Fig Tree: Matthew 24:32-35; Mark 13:28-29; Luke 21:29-31 The parable of the fig tree is one of the most important parables to read in context.. According to Roman mythology the god Saturn of agriculture was crowned with fig leaves, this because among the Romans the fig tree was a sacred tree. It is this tiny size that allows the wasp to enter an infertile fig flower pod (syconium) and pollinate it. The leaves of one fig tree clothed Adam and Eve. Other fig species germinate in the ground and grab onto a neighbouring tree for support, eventually cutting ties with their original root system. In the war of the Titans, Sykeus, whilst waging war on the gods, was chased, by Zeus, to Cilicia, to escape the wrath of the king of the gods, Sykeus, hid with his mother, Gaia, the earth goddess, and was transformed into the first fig tree. The fig tree's trunk is on the top of a cliff on the opposite side of the straight looking outwards to the Scylla. In ancient Egypt, pharaohs believed that when they died their souls would encounter a. fig tree at the edge of the desert, and that the goddess Hathor would emerge from the foliage to welcome them to heaven. Medicinal Uses: Figs are among the richest plant sources of calcium and fiber. Five Reasons Fig Trees Are Folklore Royalty. Look at the full moon in Vietnam and you might see Cuoi, a young man who was carried there by a magical fig tree. As my new book Ladders to Heaven — published as Gods, Wasps and Stranglers in North America — shows, they feature in stories as abodes of gods, places of prayer, homes of spirits, and subjects of taboos. The chemical arrangement of serotonin is very close to that of the well know psychedelic LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), while melatonin is very similar in construction to DMT (dimethyltryptamine). Each species of a fig tree is in a mutualistic relationship with either one or a few fig wasp species. Is it possible that this effect on human consciousness was known by ancient civilisation and consequently used in their appropriate symbology. Fairly well-known is the story of the 12 labors of Hercules, one of which was to steal the golden apples. At night, serotonin is converted into melatonin within the pineal gland. 13:26-27); and the times of the Gentiles was not fulfilled either (Lk. from ELEUSIS: ARCHETYPAL IMAGE OF MOTHER AND DAUGHER by Karl Kerenyi. No trees are home to a more motley mix of supernatural creatures than the strangler figs, whose eerie, aerial roots are adept at seizing imaginations in their grip. Its crown provided shelter as a she-wolf suckled the boys, who would go on to found Rome. The tree is a symbol of wisdom in stories about the life of Buddha, who was said to have gained spiritual enlightenment while sitting under a bodhi tree, a type of fig. (CC2 Attribution License). They will no doubt feature in the folklore of the future, too. When. . Fig Tree - In Mythology. Very little is known about the Charybdis Fig Tree. Yet in the world of biology, there exists a variety of veritable 'trees of death' poised to cause great harm to any human that comes into contact with them. That died in 1906, and a new one was planted, which is what is present today. The following two tabs change content below. Another fig tree’s roots saved the twin babies Romulus and Remus from drowning in the River Tiber. They are intimately tied to the existence of many species that feed off of the plant, especially in the case of fig wasps whose sole existence in attributed to their mutualistic relationship with specific ficus species. In Guatemala, there is a story of a man who was turned into a monkey just for trying to climb a sacred fig tree. In Buddhism it plays a similar role. ( Log Out /  Very little is known about the Charybdis Fig Tree. Procession then went into Athens to the city Eleusinion, the Bodhi tree in world mythology “ Seek lore even! 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