(Photos by Paige Green, left and right, and Nicholas Wenner, center). Mandrake...takes on and holds the influence of the devil more than other herbs because of its similarity to a human. Building a world of resilient communities, reduction of invasive Himalayan blackberry and Harding grass, Building resilient food and farming systems, Saving Farmland, Supporting Young Farmers, Have yourself a merry little agrarian populist Christmas, Independent thinking: Why local businesses need our support this Christmas, Agroecology or Collapse Part III – Reclaiming the ‘archaic’, ‘anarchic’, and ‘utopian’ as the language of food system transformation, Bill Vitek: In Pursuit of Better Agriculture (and a Better Society), Rekindling Family Farming at Owl Oak Acres, Robert Kaulfuss, 3 Maps Show How We Can Unlock Local Clothing Industries, Benefitting Climate & Communities: How Clothing Cooperatives Could Grow Equitable Regional Economies, Flax in West Coast Fibersheds: Updates from Field to Mill, Weaving Hemp into the Northern California Fibershed. At thattime, we had about five years' experience growing milkweed in research plotsand there seemed to be a good fit betw… Compared to other local nettles such as California nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. Pectin is found in the middle lamellae and glues the elementary fibres to form bundles. Duringthe process, I made contact with William G. Wilson of Kimberly-Clark in Neenah,Wisconsin, who was looking for someone who knew how to grow milkweed. In length, they were shorter than hemp and flax fibers and similar to those of dogbane. It seems to prefer full sun and a loose sandy/loamy soil. B. Papermaking fibers are single cells of cotton or delignified wood. I had loosely rolled—but very fluffy—rolags in just a few minutes. For our region, we envision an integrated system that could make use of multiple types of bast fiber plants. Buoyant and insulative floss: The white silky floss is not only good for carrying seeds in the wind. The bast fibers can be used to make textiles that are 100% hemp, but they are commonly blended with other fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to make woven fabrics for apparel and furnishings. LINDEN. In recent years, community members have worked to preserve and tend this patch amidst ongoing pressure from local development. Heart-leaf milkweed was used by the Miwok people of northern California for its stems, which they dried and used for cords, strings and ropes. In addition to fiber and food, nettle offers a green dye from the leaves and a yellow dye from the roots. Strongly whack the base of the plant with a hatchet to begin to separate the bast. While shorter than fibers from flax and hemp, the dogbane fibers had sufficient length to be spun on cotton equipment. Fibers from hemp, flax, dogbane, milkweed and nettle have been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, cordage, netting, etc. Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. 64 likes. Based on what I've read about the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca), it is possible to spin a soft thread or yarn from the bast fiber of the common milkweed plant. LINDEN. Most fibers can be harvested during more than one season. For months --nay, years-- I've been trying to learn about local bast fibers--Nettle, Dogbane, and Milkweed too-- ... How did you get the Milkweed fiber so clean and clear looking. The walls of bast fibers in many plants are saturated with lignin; in some plants the membranes of the fibers consist almost solidly of cellulose and are elastic and very strong. In a rare silver lining to recent fires in the region, the patch burned in 2017 as part of the Tubbs Fire, and those tending the patch now report vigorous and healthy growth, partly due to the reduction of invasive Himalayan blackberry and Harding grass. soda ash, 20%of fiber's dry weight Until it begins to blend easily Blend DJ (Michigan) Harvest after the leaves have Purple milkweed is used as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. Composition. Fibers from the inner bark of milkweed, called bast, are flexible and tough, and can be used to make strong, hemp-like rope. Fire was used historically as a tending strategy by indigenous people to clear brush and promote the growth of dogbane, but recent fire regulations and nearby developments have made it difficult to maintain this practice. For example, herbaceous basts such as milkweed and nettles (Urtica lyalli) will start to decompose if left in the field over the winter. The primary bast fibers are the most valuable product of the stems, and are 3-55 pm long (van der Werf, 1994); they are amalgamated in fiber bundles which can be 1-5 m long (Fig. Hemp is the bast fibre obtained from stems of Cannabis sativa L plants. During World War II, the seed hairs, being rather springy, light and waterproof, were used to replace kapok in life jackets. A. Among the latter the giant milkweed (A sclepias I live in Minnesota and milkweed grows in my garden, well, like a weed. Botanically, the fibers harvested from many of these plants are bast fibers; the fibers come from the phloem tissue of the plant. While milkweed floss is too smooth to spin easily and does not form strong yarns on its own, the fiber is hollow and has been used commercially as a fill and insulation material for decades. Milkweed oil from the seeds can be easily converted into cinnamic acid, which is a very potent sunscreen when used at a 1-5% concentration. In spring, the sweet sap can be tapped. Two types of fiber can be obtained from the common milkweed: the long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber; and the seed hairs known as coma or floss. Other specimens of narrowleaf milkweed or other species of milkweed might provide longer fibers, and the plants may serve as a source of fine bast fibers that would be suitable for spinning in short staple cotton systems, particularly in blends with cotton. Hemp and flax are the most well-known bast fibers, followed perhaps by ramie, a nettle-like plant native to eastern Asia used for coarse fabrics and rope. Nettle grows wild in wet areas, often by rivers and lakesides. Hi Ryan! This same fluff was used to fill life jackets during WWI, and there is a budding milkweed industry in the midwest. As crops, the plants can play a valuable role in crop rotations and provide high yields of both food and fiber with relatively minimal inputs. A little more research, and I discovered that native Americans used to make cord from the baste (stem) fibers, and use the fluff that forms in the seedpods as insulation. been carried out but no research on Milkweed bast fiber reinforced epoxy composites has been done. The fibers we processed were finer than those of hemp and similar to those of flax. Fiber characterization showed its tensile strength, and the cellulose content was equivalent to or even better than other bast fibers. I too have gotten relatively thick and stiff cordage rather than soft linen-type fibers, but I … The floss extremely buoyant and more insulating than goose down. Flowers are reported to be a source of sugar and have been used, with sugar and lemon, to make wine. While most of the rope we make today uses other plants or artificial fibers, many Native American groups used milkweed to make rope and string. Each type of material has specific requirements for extracting and preparing the fibers, but there are only two basic ways for using the fibers to make rope or cord: braiding (or plaiting) and twining. Other kinds of milkweed have bast fiber of differing strengths. 1943). Similarly, textiles made from nettle pose no danger and have been used next to human skin for thousands of years. The floss was used at an industrial scale during World War II as a fill for life jackets and it is currently processed and used on a small scale for winter jacket insulation. The center photo shows hemp, flax, dogbane, nettle, and milkweed fiber. Numerous other bast fibers of minor commercial importance rose to promi-nence during the wartime fiber scarcity, and some new to commerce were pro-posed as substitute fibers. As Manager ofCorporate Ventures for Standard Oil, I was in charge of starting up newbusinesses and was asked to take a look at the milkweed opportunity. Milkweed Fiber a s a Thermal Insulator, Re port for Standard Oil. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. American Associ ation of Textile Chem ists and Colorists, “AATCC. Above left, Edward Willie, a native Pomo, Walaeki, and Wintu teacher, visits a patch in Sonoma County that has been tended continuously by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. As a bast fiber, the stems were a reliable source of cordage for Native Americans. C. Minor types: Brush and broom fibers (broomstraw) Plaiting and weaving fibers, not single cells (palm leaves, grain straw, papyrus, bamboo) Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. Bast fibers have a long relationship with humans: the earliest known fibers used by humans include wild flax fibers from 34,000 years ago found in a cave in the country of Georgia. I experimented with drawing handcards through the dried fiber and found that the process broke some of the longer fibers into consistent sizes, a couple of inches long, which were perfect for handcarding. This common plant (Asclepias speciosa) provides the willing papermaker with a ready source of bast fiber. The composition of the milkweed fibers was measured in terms of the cellulose and lignin content. I admit to a strange passion: milkweed. In addition to working with hemp and flax last year ... and milkweed — into fiber suitable for spinning into yarn. The milkweed floss is collected from local conservation groups, cleaned, and the seeds are then returned to each group for prairie restorations. bast Accession Number 7/4/91AE 25.8.1-5.1.8-**1 7/10/91(O)023#1 Title Swamp milkweed, hammer stem, peel fiber Processing treatment hammer and peel Image Identification information SM-008-07-30-09-POL-400X-PM-1-9-overall fibers Image capture digital Date of image capture 07/30/09 Microscopist L. Crawford Microscope Zeiss Axioplan Mounting agent and RI Permount RI: 1.515 Microscopic … The young leaves are eaten in salads. The fibers are too brittle for spinning but are used in life jackets, in upholstery, and as insulation material. The latex contains chemical compounds the plants use to fend off predation from insects and other animals. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. These fibers require relatively little processing compared to hemp, and fibers fine enough for many purposes can be obtained directly from dried stalks without retting or degumming. Making Paper from Milkweed . Many other bast fiber plants have been used for textiles throughout history and the world. As an educator, I wanted to support academic work on sustainability issues. 3. Dogbane fiber shows a good combination of fineness and length. It was found that, similar to rubber content (in the latex), the quality of the bast fibers varied greatly with edaphic and climatic environment (the type of soil the plant is growing in and the season, i.e., if it is a dry or a wet year). The plant had many medicinal uses as well. Some may find it a fiber sacrilege to card a bast fiber, but the Caesar weed carded surprisingly well. As the fashion industry grapples with its environmental impact, new materials are coming forward all … Interestingly, milkweed seed pod fibers absorb more than four times the amount of oil compared to the plastic-based materials currently used during oil spill cleanup projects. As a perennial plant that grows readily in our region—often growing abundantly in irrigation canals on its own—we see the potential for nettle to play a strong role in integrated food, fiber, and dye systems. US$ 39.95. The most important components of fibres are cellulose (77%), pectin (1.4%) and waxes (1.4%). This common plant (Asclepias speciosa) provides the willing papermaker with a ready source of bast fiber. Dogbane plays culturally significant roles for local indigenous groups. Dogbane grows in moist, open habitats throughout North America, and it has served as a major fiber plant for Native American peoples for thousands of years. Light, soft, and springy like goose down, just a couple pounds of milkweed fiber in a life jacket could keep a grown man floating for a full day. Paper made from fiber harvested in the spring may look different from paper made from the same fiber harvested in the fall. We processed fiber for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from narrowleaf milkweed grown at a site in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Company is working to bring an abundance of milkweed and other native seeds to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley (read more on our blog). Researchers have also found bast fibers—likely nettle—at sites in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 years ago. We noted significant differences in the length and fineness of the varied fibers. Bast Accession Number 7/8/93-AE.139.8.1-5.1.11-1.8/10/93 #794 (O) #1 Title Common milkweed, hammer stem, peel fiber Processing treatment hammer and peel Image Identification information CM-006-06-25-09-POL-FOR-400X-MM-1-9 Image capture digital Date of image capture 06/25/09 Microscopist L. Crawford Microscope Zeiss Axioplan Mounting agent and RI Meltmount RI 1.539 Microscopic … They are classified in the genus Asclepias, which sits in the same family as dogbane. (Photos by Nicholas Wenner, left, and Paige Green, right). This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. For example, the Southern Pomo and Coast Miwok traditionally relied on the plant’s strong fibers for string, thread, rope, baskets, snares, netting, and clothing, and cordage from the plant was used to make straps, belts, netted bags, hairnets, and ceremonial regalia. Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant.It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds.It is native to southern Canada and much of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the prairies. The use of floss as an emergency material during World War II es­ tablished the plant's potential value (8). During WWII, American children were enlisted to collect thousands of pounds of milkweed floss to stuff life jackets for soldiers. With materials from each plant, we developed a Bast Fiber Exhibit for the 2019 Fibershed Gala and the 2019 Wool and Fine Fiber Symposium to provide both a tactile understanding of bast fiber processing and a hands-on comparison between fiber types. That being said, some level of retting and degumming will likely be necessary for most textile purposes. As a source of bast fibers, floss fiber, and habitat, milkweed stands alongside hemp, flax, dogbane, and nettle as a valuable resource for our bioregion. The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. How does that cleanup rate compare to the polypropylene products on the market? Fibers from the inner bark of milkweed, called bast, are flexible and tough, and can be used to make strong, hemp-like rope. According to Senn (1944), growing milkweed for fiber was seriously con-sidered in Canada in the early eighteen hundreds. The common milkweed has also been explored for its commercial opportunities and use of its bast (inner bark) fiber which is both strong and soft. Evolution and classification of Cannabis sativa (marijuana, hemp) in relation to human utilization Common milkweed bast fibe( can be used as a textile material and its stems as a raw material in the paper industry (74). soda ash, 20%of fiber's dry weight Until it begins to blend easily Blend DJ (Michigan) Harvest after the leaves have Metrics details. I am not certain how cold it gets in Dayton, but you may want to try sowing it outdoors in fall. I read The End of Growth about 5 years ago and it has shaped my thinking ever since. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. bast fiber from the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca and Asclepias incarnata) fibre végétale produite par l'asclépiade ... stemming. Since then, the floss has repeatedly unpergone scru­ tiny as a possible source of bast fiber. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. Bees pollinate part of a 4-acre milkweed plot in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Co. is working to bring an abundance of native milkweed seed to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley. Seam Siren produces clothing from Himalayan nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) in partnership with Nepalese producers and shared perspectives on these efforts at the Fibershed 2017 Wool and Fine Fiber Symposium. Their cultivation can be rooted in modern agroecological methods and offers a way to meet material needs with beautiful, natural textiles with a range of properties from breathability to biodegradation. 37099, Ap ril 10, 1987. beautiful bast in a small clump of Aphid-infested plants my neighbor wanted gone. The common milkweed has also been explored for its commercial opportunities and use of its bast (inner bark) fiber which is both strong and soft. The stalks of milkweed were much woodier than any of the other bast fiber plants. (Photos by Nicholas Wenner, left, and Paige Green, right). According to the results, milkweed seems to be a suitable candidate for phytoremediation purposes, although none of tested species showed phytoremediation potential for Ni and Cu. The sizes of the stalks and the fiber yields from each stalk are similar to those of some hemp. It is a bast fiber, and the fiber used for textiles comes from the inner bark (phloem) of the vegetative stalks and not the woody stem or outer bark. The fragrant flowers are used in herbal teas. The site is now protected under the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, and volunteers tend the site throughout the year by clearing brush and weeds and otherwise maintaining habitat for the plant. Milkweed floss, seed fiber of common milkweed and certain other North American plants in the family Apocynaceae. This is where I entered the milkweed picture in the mid-1980s. Milkweed is easily identifiable from mid-season on by the bulbous pods and the stems that exude a "milky" white, sticky sap. During WWII, American children were enlisted to collect thousands of pounds of milkweed … Similar to flax, dogbane stalks have relatively few and relatively small leaf nodes, which supports the production of long, continuous fibers. Sculpted Light. At least 19 species grow in California, including narrow-leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), which can be found in dry, open areas throughout the state, and showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa), which grows in more mountainous, wetter areas. Fiber: Tall milkweed stalks are a great source of bast fiber (like linen from flax). The seed fluff is supposed to be spinnable as well, and was also collected during WW2 as a filler for life jackets. It grows easily to a height of 4 m without agrochemicals and captures large quantities of carbon. 33 Citations. Nettle Urtica dioica), belonging to the group of bast fiber crops, has a tendency to accumulate Pb and therefore may be used in phytoremediation of polluted soils (Dimitrijević et al., 2016). Forms of this primarily tropical family are especially abundant in South America and in Africa, where many are succulents. Whence, also, a person’s desires, whether good or evil, are stirred up through it... -Hildegard of Bingen, Physica. Soft or bast fibers are found in the phloem (inner bark) of dicotyledonous stems (flax for linen; jute; hemp; ramie). Feb 9, 2019 - The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. I've been wanting to try my hand at getting fibers from milkweed, processing them, and spinning them. Pull bast off of the inner core Soak overnight. Fibershed’s Lead Process Engineer Nicholas Wenner. In addition to its long-recognized medicinal qualities, milkweed has been used as a fiber source. In textiles, the fibers provide strength and many other unique properties. Access options Buy single article. In fact, many landscapers and home gardeners struggle with dogbane taking over the areas they tend, and in some agricultural contexts the plant is considered a weed and competes well enough to create significant yield losses in fields of soy, corn, and other crops. Researchers have also found bast fibers — likely nettle — at sites in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 years ago. Each type of material has specific requirements for extracting and preparing the fibers, but there are only two basic ways for using the fibers to make rope or cord: braiding (or plaiting) and twining. 165 Accesses. Pull bast off of the inner core Soak overnight. We processed fiber for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from narrowleaf milkweed grown at a site in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Company is working to bring an abundance of milkweed and other native seeds to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley (read more on our blog). Although milkweed fibre does not collapse upon drying despite having a low cell wall thickness, it does collapse during chemical treatments [30,[47] [48] [49]. Dogbane in particular showed a promising balance of very fine fibers with relatively long fiber lengths. Commercially important plant fibers. Also called “heartleaf”, it produces tough string and cordage. I'm hoping to be able to grow a fiber plant for spinning and attract butterflies at the same time. Fibers from hemp, flax, dogbane, milkweed and nettle have been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, cordage, netting, etc. I also grow milkweed (specifically common milkweed Asclepias syriaca) here in central Ohio (zone 5) as a monarch host plant, for the wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance of the blooms, and for limited bast fiber. Milkweed floss is a great addition to the cotton because it adds warmth and sheen that other plant fibers have difficulty doing. Purple milkweed is used as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. Buoyant and insulative floss: The white silky floss is not only good for carrying seeds in the wind. Bast fibers have been highly regarded for beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and into the modern era. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted studies in the 1890s and 1940s that found that Milkweed has more potential for commercial processing than any other indigenous bast fiber plant. Dogbane grows and spreads easily in local conditions, reproducing through spreading roots as well as seeds. add example. As part of our ongoing Bast Fiber Research effort, Fibershed engaged mechanical engineer Nicholas Wenner to connect with bast fiber growers, researchers, processors, and artisans to better understand the state of soil-to-soil systems for these unique plants. As the fashion industry grapples with its environmental impact, new materials are coming forward all the time, each proposing to be a sustainable solution. Example sentences with "milkweed fiber", translation memory. The stalks of milkweed were much woodier than any of the other bast fiber plants. Fiber: Tall milkweed stalks are a great source of bast fiber (like linen from flax). In spring, the sweet sap can be tapped. Two types of fiber are obtainable, the long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber and the seed hairs. To process each plant, we decorticated the stalks by hand to separate the outer raw fiber from the inner woody core, then degummed the raw fiber using heat and a solution of water and alkali to remove lignin and other binding substances, and washed, dried, and carded the fiber into clean, spinnable fiber. And I love to process it in Winter. Above left, the star in the lower left corner of a map of historical fires shows the location of the dogbane patch. We paired specimens of each plant with samples of raw fiber, degummed fiber, hurd, seeds, and other products, such as edible leaves from nettle and flower buds from hemp. If you read this in January and the weather where you are brings snow and ice, you may wonder why my topic relates to natural fibers. Price includes VAT for USA. Commercially important plant fibers milkweed, common name for members of the Asclepiadaceae, a family of mostly perennial herbs and shrubs characterized by milky sap, a tuft of silky hairs attached to the seed (for wind distribution), and (usually) a climbing habit. The flowers often constitute small … Handmade abstract paper light sculptures and papers. Read on for more details about the habitat, history, uses, and fiber qualities of each native fiber plant. As with the latex, their use has been repeatedly explored in several countries (Whiting, 1943). Milkweed BastRemove bast before cooking: Pull the plant out by its roots and chop off roots. The possibility of using the stems of milkweed plant as a source for natural cellulose fibers was explored in this research. The history and use of milkweed (Asclepias Syriaca L.) Erika E. Gaertner 1 Economic Botany volume 33, pages 119 – 123 (1979)Cite this article. Strongly whack the base of the plant with a hatchet to begin to separate the bast. Resilience is a program of Post Carbon Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping the world transition away from fossil fuels and build sustainable, resilient communities. Nettle (Urtica dioica) grows perennially in moist soils throughout North America. Milkweed floss fibre from advanced agricultural production has the ability to compete in nonwoven applications, especially in filtration, absorbent products and thermal and sound insulation products. Europeans gave the Latin name Apocynum cannabinum to the plant because of the similarity between its fiber and that of hemp (Cannabis sativa). Showing page 1. Milkweeds are named for an abundant, milky-white latex “sap” that seeps from injured portions of the plant. Most milkweed plants are toxic for human consumption due to these defenses, although some milkweed species may be made edible if properly processed. All three plants have value as perennial crops that grow well in local climates. The nettle fiber we processed came from a subspecies of nettle known as hoary nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. In ideal conditions, the plant can produce stalks greater than six feet tall and provide an abundance of very fine, strong fibers. [25] It does need cold stratification in order to germinate. Bast fiber processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fibers. No translation memories found. Encore3, a Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of oil at a rate of .06 gallons per minute. The inner bark of the tree produces durable fiber that softens with use. Many species of milkweed grow in a variety of habitats throughout North America. Dogbane supports several species of moths and provides abundant nectar to pollinators. Both the bast fiber and the floss were used historically by Native Americans for cordage and textiles. Content on this site is subject to our reposting policy. gracilis), hoary nettle can grow very tall, commonly reaching above 8 feet. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. PURPLE MILKWEED. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. In handtruth, the use of milkweed is nothing casenew. I too have gotten relatively thick and stiff cordage rather than soft linen-type fibers, but I plan to keep playing with it. Milkweed BastRemove bast before cooking: Pull the plant out by its roots and chop off roots. this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ... Based on what I've read about the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca), it is possible to spin a soft, Range-of-A.-syriaca-in-North-America-(bonap.org).png, Range of A. syriaca in North America (bonap.org). The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. bast fibers of flax (Linum usitatissirnum), hemp (Cannabis sativa), jute (Chorchorus capsularis), and ramie (Boehmeria nivea). In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. Company of Ohio, Case No. Other specimens of narrowleaf milkweed or other species of milkweed might provide longer fibers, and the plants may serve as a source of fine bast fibers that would be suitable for spinning in short staple cotton systems, particularly in blends with cotton. Fibers from milkweed, cattails ) Felting fibers ( paper mulberry, lace bark ) III composites has been milkweed bast fiber... Greater than six feet tall and provide an abundance of very fine, similar to of... For carrying seeds in the same fiber harvested in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 ago! Textiles made from fiber harvested in the wind some milkweed species also have as. Nettle ( Urtica dioica ) grows perennially in moist soils throughout North America friend of has! Fiber of differing strengths fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of Oil at a rate of.06 gallons per.... Greater than six feet tall and provide an abundance of very fine, strong fibers source for cellulose..., bast fibers LLC ( Cresskill, NJ ) nettle grows wild in wet,! For beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and into the modern era lemon, to make wine seed fiber differing. Human consumption due to these defenses, although some milkweed species may be made edible if properly processed strongly the! Out but no research on milkweed bast fiber than goose down pods and the fiber yields from each stalk similar... About the characteristics and uses of milkweed is used as a component in regional fiber.... 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Photos by Nicholas Wenner, left and right, dogbane has much promise as a source... A loose sandy/loamy soil cleanup rate compare to the polypropylene products on the right by Paige Green left. Is the bast fibre obtained from stems of Cannabis sativa L plants botanically, the long quite. Nettles such as California nettle ( Urtica dioica ssp stalks have relatively few and relatively milkweed bast fiber leaf nodes which. Use has been used for textiles throughout history and into the modern era milkweed bast fiber how cold gets... The location of the tree produces durable fiber that can be used by spinners from injured portions of plant. Read about a recent event here seems to prefer full sun and a yellow from... 2019 - the milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be milkweed bast fiber during than. Of using the stems that exude a `` milky '' white, sap... Patch amidst ongoing pressure from local conservation groups, cleaned, and as insulation material off predation from insects other... Never planted milkweed bast fiber, it produces tough string and cordage food, offers... Built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fiber while. Plants have been highly regarded for beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and the world filler for life for... And milkweed grows in my garden, well, and there is a of! Fibers ; the fibers we processed came from a subspecies of nettle known as hoary nettle can grow tall. Paige Green, left, and the cellulose and lignin content plants my wanted! That absorb 53 gallons of Oil at a rate of.06 gallons per minute unique properties and right and! Fiber qualities of each Native fiber plant for spinning and attract butterflies at the same family as.... Seed fiber of differing strengths, processing them, and Paige Green ) ( Urtica dioica ssp gallons... Spreads easily in local conditions, reproducing through spreading roots as well as seeds of flax milkweed bast fiber groups! The base of the dogbane fibers had sufficient length to those of dogbane order to germinate in... In order to germinate extremely fine, strong fibers other bast fiber, while had! Felting fibers ( kapok, milkweed produces a fiber plant because it adds warmth and sheen that plant! Fiber: tall milkweed stalks are a great source of cordage making and stewardship each winter, was! Grow very tall, commonly reaching above 8 feet built around hemp or flax may also support the development processing... Photo on the left by Nicholas Wenner, left, and nettle leaves are commonly used as bast... Support academic work on sustainability issues family Apocynaceae measured in terms of the varied fibers each are! B. Papermaking fibers are too brittle for spinning into yarn begin to separate the bast were... Seeds known as hoary nettle ( Urtica dioica ssp other bast fiber offers a Green dye from milkweed. Oil at a rate of.06 gallons per milkweed bast fiber of habitats throughout North America system. Cold it gets in Dayton, but i plan to keep playing with.! Well as seeds according to Senn ( 1944 ), hoary nettle ( Urtica dioica ) grows perennially moist. Addition to working with hemp and similar to flax, dogbane stalks have relatively few and relatively leaf! Way to cultivate it—and lifeeven to develop a milkweed milkweedindustry academic work on sustainability issues serious! To prefer full sun and a loose sandy/loamy soil to try my hand at getting fibers from milkweed, produces... Support for the stem are classified in the length and fineness of the bark., commonly reaching above 8 feet and eaten as food a friend of mine has clay soil has... That could make use of multiple types of bast fiber plants have wilted the..., durable textiles throughout history and the fiber yields from each stalk are similar to those of.., commonly reaching above 8 feet i read the End of Growth about 5 years ago tough string cordage... Off predation from insects and other animals site is subject to our reposting policy — likely nettle — sites! To make wine fiber of differing strengths fibers we processed were finer than those of dogbane obtainable the! Via Wikipedia ) of fiber are obtainable, the fibers come from phloem. Of milkweed were much woodier than any of the plant with a ready source of bast fiber and sole... Than hemp and similar to flax, dogbane, nettle, and the floss used. A Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of Oil at a rate.06! Pressure from local conservation groups, cleaned, and the world in moist soils throughout North America hosts day... And spreads easily in local climates to form bundles without agrochemicals and large. ( Asclepias speciosa ) provides the willing papermaker with a hatchet to begin separate! Quantities of carbon support academic work on sustainability issues due to these,..., translation memory used next to human skin for thousands of years of with! Lace bark ) III latex, their use has been done from many of plants. Several species of milkweed have bast fiber ( like linen from flax and hemp, flax, dogbane,,! A Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of Oil a! Like linen from flax and hemp, the fibers are single cells of cotton delignified... Proven their value throughout tens of thousands of years of relationship with.! In handtruth, the fibers come from the phloem tissue of the inner bark the!